Journey to Excellence

Positive mindsets - David Perkins

Play Controls

Description

Listen as David Perkins explores the impact of limited mindsets on educational achievement and contrasts this with fostering growth mindsets that can increase personal capability.

Transcript

It’s really interesting to ask how this mindset of our thinking and learning gets sustained - either a positive or a negative mindset - either a ‘can-do’ mindset or a 'Well, I am just this smart and that is it' mindset. It’s not just your individual self-image, it’s also the culture around you - what the culture expects and what the culture rewards. For example, as a trend many Asian cultures are more persistence oriented. If something is hard their answer is not 'Your head isn’t big enough to take it in', it's 'You’ve got to hang in there and persist'. That differs culturally. For another thing, small interactions in the micro culture around you either reinforce a positive mindset or a negative mindset about your own mental capabilities. So, for example, imagine a child having trouble with a maths problem what does the parent say about it? The parent might say 'No you just don’t have a head for maths' - that reinforces the mindset of limited capability. Or maybe the parent says 'Can you think of another way to approach it?' - that reinforces a capability mindset, a ‘can-do’ mindset.

Same thing in teacher interactions with the students. Think of the general level of risk in a learning situation in school or out of school - if failure is very risky; if you are going to get punished; if you are going to get a really bad grade - this kind of thing. This reinforces a limited capacity mindset because it means you are not ready to experiment with how far you can go and how much you can make of this - you are more likely to take a safe path and in fact to mask any difficulties you have, for instance, by trying straight memorisation to at least do okay on that test. A lot of things in the culture not just one’s personal image influence the conception that develops about personal capability - and in a way that is too bad because it is a barrier. But in a way it is good because it tells us something very important and puts us in a position to create micro cultures around ourselves and around young learners. That basically put them on a path of continuously increasing capability.

Related Videos

  1. Real and relevant education

    Explore the efforts made by this school for learners with challenging behaviour to overhaul its culture and practices and achieve its improvement priorities through the Schools of Ambition programme.

  2. About motivation: Alan McLean

    Watch as Alan McLean explores some common perceptions about intelligence and contrasts the different perspectives of motivation that can be held by teachers and learners.

  3. A passion for fashion: Hawick High School

    Take a look at how this secondary school raises the aspirations and increases the confidence of girls. Various initiatives, including a fashion show, help to build confidence and foster creativity.

  4. Motivation is the new discipline: Alan McLean

    Listen to Alan McLean discuss our changing understanding of motivation and review some typical motivational cycles within classrooms.

  5. Motivational drivers: Alan McLean

    Listen as Alan McLean outlines four main drivers of motivation, namely engagement, structure, relevance and feedback.

  6. The motivating teacher: Alan McLean

    Explore Alan McLean's views as he describes some features of a motivating teachers and how they create motivating learning environments.

  7. Intelligence is learnable: David Perkins (Learning and teaching)

    David Perkins challenges the conception that intelligence is fixed. Listen to him explore ways of growing learners' ability to think through positive habits of mind.

  8. Supporting dyslexic learners : Reid Kerr College

    View the work carried out by this college to identify barriers to learning such as dyslexia, and address them through staff awareness and training, and by providing students with one-to-one support.

www.educationscotland.gov.uk

In association with Education Scotland